Thursday, August 11, 2011

1st Corps Information Continues
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Corps
Army of the Potomac

The 1st Corps, 2nd Division, 1st Brigade was also known as Paul’s Brigade. During the battle of Gettysburg, it served as a member of Robinson's Division of the First Corps, Army of the Potomac.
Commanders at Gettysburg included Brig. Gen. Gabriel R. Paul who was wounded and replaced by Colonel Samuel H. Leonard of the 13th Massachusetts.
Brigadier General Gabriel Rene Paul (Blinded at Gettysburg)
Col Leonard was wounded on July 1, and was replaced by Col. Adrian R. Root from the 94th New York.  Root was wounded and taken prisoner by Confederate troops on July 1 and was replaced by Col. Richard Coulter from the 11th Pennsylvania of the Second Brigade, Second Division, First Corps.  Coulter suffered a slight wound on July 1, but continued leading the brigade only ceding control to Col Peter Lyle of the 90th Pennsylvania (also of the 2nd Brigade) for a few hours on July 3rd and then finally ceding to Lyle on July 5th.

The Brigade consisted of troops from the 16th Maine, 13th Massachusetts, 94th and 104th New York, and the  107th Pennsylvania Infantry.

Monument marking area fought for by 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Corps.

Corps Marker just west of Doubleday Avenue on Oak Ridge.  Note the Eternal Peace Light Memorial in background.

Brigade History at Gettysburg (per Brigade Marker)

July 1
Arrived about noon and went into position on the ridge near the Seminary and threw up Breastworks. About half past 2 R M. moved to the right of Corps in support of Second Brigade. Repulsed repeated attacks and was engaged until 4 R M. then retired to Seminary Ridge and constructed Breastworks. The 11th Pennsylania. was transferred from the Second Brigade.

July 2
About noon relieved by Third Division Second Corps and went to rear in support of batteries on Cemetery Hill. At sunset moved to the left to support the Third Corps and returned to Cemetery Hill.

July 3.
 At 9 A. M. went to support of Twelfth Corps and at 3 P. M. to the left and took position on right of Second Corps in support of a battery and there remained until the close of the battle.
Casualties Killed 2 Officers 49 Men Wounded 36 Officers 321 Men Captured or Missing 40 Officers 593 Men Total 1041

16th Maine Infantry

16th Maine Infantry
 Doubleday Avenue 

Monument indicates the first position held by the 16th Maine Infantry on July 1, 1863.
Dedication Date: October 3, 1889.  

Secondary Monuments and Markers:  Intersection of Doubleday Avenue and Mummasburg Road  Small stone position marker denotes the location held by the 16th Maine at 4 PM on July 1, 1863

Secondary Monument to 16th Maine at Intersection of Doubleday Avenue and Mummasburg Road

Commander: Col. Charles W. Tilden (1832-1914).  Captured on July1 .

Number Engaged: 311

Casualties: 9 killed, 59 wounded, 164 missing

Regimental History:Organized at Augusta Maine and mustered in August 14, 1862 Mustered out June 5, 1865. Recruits transferred to 20th Maine Infantry. Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 172 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 257 Enlisted men by disease. Total 440.

94th New York Infantry
94th New York Infantry Monument
Doubleday Avenue, Oak Ridge 
Indicates the position held on the afternoon of July 1, 1863 until forced to retreat by Confederate pressure .

Dedication Date: 1888. 
The Regiment was also known as Belle Jefferson Rifles
Number Engaged: 445

Casualties: 12 killed, 58 wounded, 175 missing

Raised: Jefferson County New York. The 94th was formed from a consolidation of the 94th and 105th Regiments.

Regimental History
Organized at Sackett’s Harbor, N.Y., and mustered in March 10, 1862.
Mustered out July 18, 1865. Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 105 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 137 Enlisted men by disease. Total 247.

13th Massachusetts Infantry

13th Massachusetts Infantry
Located on Robinson Avenue near base of Oak Hill. Marks position held by 13th Massachusetts Infantry July 1, 1863 prior to retreat of Paul’s Brigade to Cemetery Hill.
Dedication Date: October 1885.
Full-length figure of uniformed Color Sargent Roland G. Morris The monument also indicates the spot where color sergeant Roland G. Morris fell

Commander: Col. Samuel H. Leonard (1825-1902). Wounded slightly on July 1.

Number Engaged: 284

Casualties: 7 killed, 77 wounded, 101 missing

Raised: Middlesex, Norfolk, Suffolk, and Worchester counties Massachusetts. 
Organized at Fort Independence June 16, 1861 Mustered out August 1, 1864. Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 117 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 40 Enlisted men by disease. Total 161.

104th New York Infantry

104th New York Infantry Monument
Located on Robinson Avenue, Oak Ridge
Dedication Date: September 4, 1888.
Regiment was also known as The Wadsworth Guards

Number Engaged: 309

Casualties: 11 killed, 91 wounded, 92 missing

Raised: In Livingston and Rensselaer counties New York.
Organized at Genesee, N.Y., October, 1861, to March, 1862
Mustered out July 17, 1865. Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 81 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 145 Enlisted men by disease. Total 233.

107th Pennsylvania Infantry

107th Pennsylvania Infantry Monument
Located on Doubleday Avenue (Oak Ridge)
Dedication Date: Sept. 11, 1889
This marker indicates the position held by the 107th Pennsylvania Infantry on July 1, 1863 from 1:00 P.M. until forced to retire toward town.

Secondary Monuments and Markers
Marker to July 2nd and 3rd Position
Located on North Hancock Avenue at Ziegler’s Grove 

Number Engaged: 255

Casualties: 11 killed, 56 wounded, 98 missing

Raised: In Cumberland, Daulphin, Franklin, Lebanon, and York counties Pennsylvania
Organized at Harrisburg February 20 to March 8, 1862 Mustered out July 13, 1865. Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 106 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 140 Enlisted men by disease. Total 251.

As always, I hope you enjoyed this post and learned something from it.  Feel free to leave comments, I always answer them.